AIDS Acquired immune deficiency syndrome ALRI Acute lower respiratory infection ARDS Acute respiratory distress syndrome BCG Bacilli Calmette–Guerin BHR Bronchial hyperresponsiveness BMI Body mass index CAP Community-acquired pneumonia COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease CPAP Continuous positive airway pressure DALY Disability-adjusted life years DLCO Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide FeNO Exhaled nitric oxide fraction FEV1 Forced expiratory volume in 1 s FVC Forced vital capacity HIV Human immunodeficiency virus ICU Intensive care unit Ig Immunoglobulin IL Interleukin IQR Interquartile range LRTI Lower respiratory tract infection NSCLC Nonsmall cell lung cancer OSA Obstructive sleep apnoea OSAS Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome PEF Peak expiratory flow ROS Reactive oxygen species RSV Respiratory syncytial virus SARS Severe acute respiratory syndrome SDB Sleep-disordered breathing TB Tuberculosis TNF Tumour necrosis factor List of abbreviations
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